Gay and lesbian couples in the Western Balkan countries are neither allowed to marry nor to adopt children. Civil partnerships have been recognised in Slovenia since 2006, in Croatia since 2014. Nevertheless, the majority of the populations of both EU countries voted against gay marriage in a referendum. In the other countries of the region homosexual couples are de facto invisible before the law. If their partners are hospitalised following an accident, they are denied visiting rights and any right to information since they are not considered the next of kin. The anti-discrimination laws adopted in all Western Balkan countries except for Macedonia in the process of moving closer to the EU were considered achievements. Anyone discriminated against on the basis of their sexual orientation – in the work place for example – can press charges. In practice, however, these laws have no effect: on the one hand, because police and prosecutors have not been sufficiently sensitised, and on the other hand, because people are afraid to come out. According to a new study conducted by the Equal Rights Association (ERA) in cooperation with the World Bank, only eight per cent of those affected report cases of discrimination.